The RightScale platform supports the use of WStunnel to establish an outbound web-sockets tunnel from your environment back to the RightScale platform. This obviates the need to open inbound access to your on-premise services. Instead, only outbound port 443 to the RightScale platform needs to be open from your environment to interface with the on-premise from RightScale.

Installing and Configuring WStunnel

Identify a server in your environment that has access to the on-premise services to which the RightScale platform needs access as well as has outbound Internet access. Any linux server with the required access will work.

Go to https://github.com/rightscale/wstunnel and copy the link to the wstunnel .tgz file. The download link is provided in the README.

Login to the server on which wstunnel will be running and download the wstunnel package to the location of your choice on the server.

$ wget https://binaries.rightscale.com/rsbin/wstunnel/1.0/wstunnel-linux-amd64.tgz

Untar/unzip the file.

$ tar zxvf ./wstunnel-linux-amd64.tgz

Edit the wstunnel/init/wstuncli.default file as follows:

  • Add a REGEXP line that matches your the URL for the on-premise service.
    • For example if your service is at, then the following line will allows access to the service (and any other service on that 192.x.x.x network): REGEXP='https://192..*'
  • Set the TOKEN to some random value that is at least 16 characters.
    • An md5 sum of a file produces a usable value.
  • Change the SERVER line to point at your service IP and port.
    • For example: SERVER=
  • Set the TUNNEL endpoint as follows:
    • If using wstunnel for OpenStack, then use wss://wstunnel10-1.rightscale.com
    • Otherwise, identify the shard for the RightScale account with which you are going to use this wstunnel.
      • This is found by going to your rightscale account and navigate to Settings > Account Settings > API Credentials and noting if the Token Endpoint is us-3.rightscale.com or us-4.rightscale.com.
      • If us-3 then use wss://wstunnel1-1.rightscale.com
      • If us-4 then use wss://wstunnel10-1.rightscale.com

Copy the default file to /etc/default as follows:

$ sudo cp wstunnel/init/wstuncli.default /etc/default/wstuncli

Copy the wstunnel binary to /usr/local/bin:

$ sudo cp wstunnel/wstunnel /usr/local/bin/wstunnel

Creating and Launching an Upstart File for Ubuntu Systems

Edit wstunnel/init/wstuncli.conf and change the exec /usr/local/bin/wstunnel line (should be near the bottom of the file) to add -regexp $REGEXP as follows:

  • exec /usr/local/bin/wstunnel cli -regexp $REGEXP -token $TOKEN -tunnel $TUNNEL -server $SERVER -logfile /var/log/wstuncli.log

Copy the configuration file to the /etc/init folder.

$ sudo cp wstunnel/init/wstuncli.conf /etc/init/
  • Start the tunnel:
$ sudo initctl start wstuncli

Check /var/log/wstuncli.log for errors.

  • Messages indicating WS Opening and WS Ready and Pinger starting indicate success.

Creating and Launching a Systemd Service File for CentOS Systems

Create a file: /etc/systemd/system/wstuncli.service with the following contents:

Description=WStunnel start up

ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/wstunnel cli -regexp $REGEXP -token $TOKEN -tunnel $TUNNEL -server $SERVER -logfile /var/log/wstuncli.log


Start the tunnel:

$ sudo systemctl start wstuncli.service

Check /var/log/wstuncli.log for errors

  • Messages indicating WS Opening and WS Ready and Pinger starting indicate success.

Enable the tunnel to automatically start on reboots:

$ sudo systemctl enable wstuncli.service


  • If the API endpoint(s) being accessed via the tunnel are using self-signed certificates, add the -insecure parameter to the call to /usr/local/wstunnel in the Upstart or Systemd file.

  • Similarly, if using the tunnel returns an X.509 error about IP SANs, use the -insecure option.